Franz Marc

German (Munich, Germany, 1880 - 1916, Verdun-sur-Garonne, France)

Gebirge (Mountains) [formerly Landschaft (Landscape)]

1911-1912
painting | oil on canvas
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  • Gebirge (Mountains) [formerly Landschaft (Landscape)]

    Franz Marc, Gebirge (Mountains) [formerly Landschaft (Landscape)], 1911-1912; oil on canvas, 51 1/2 in. x 39 3/4 in. (130.81 cm x 100.97 cm); Collection SFMOMA, Gift of the Women's Board and Friends of the Museum;


Marc painted Landschaft in 1911 and then repainted it in 1912 after visiting Robert Delaunay in Paris. The new version, retitled Gebirge, is a fusion of influences from Orphism, Cubism, and Futurism.

Delaunay's orphist concern with abstraction and brilliant hues is reflected in the contrasting color planes, which combine to create a surface of multicolored light. Cubism is suggested by the fractured, prismatic forms that define the landscape. The thrusting prisms also generate a dynamic, kaleidoscopic effect reminiscent of Italian Futurism.

Like many artists of the period, Marc desired to attain a state of spirituality; the angular elements that point to the orange sun at the summit evoke a sense of striving toward a higher realm.


51 1/2 in. x 39 3/4 in. (130.81 cm x 100.97 cm)
Acquired 1951
Collection SFMOMA
Gift of the Women's Board and Friends of the Museum
51.4095

Tags

Cubism, landscapes, mountains, Der Blaue Reiter, Blue Four


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