Long-term Project Pursues New Model for Collaborating with Artists at the Intersection of Conservation and Curatorial Work
Initiative Activates New Research Space in Advance of 2016 Museum Reopening
February 10, 2014
Jill Sterrett, director of collections and conservation at SFMOMA, studies the surface of Ellsworth Kelly’s painting Gaza, 1952-56; photo: courtesy SFMOMA
The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA) announced today the launch of The Artist Initiative, a long-term project that will involve deep collaborations with living artists and put their voices at the center of a more integrated, evolving approach to conservation and collections research.
Funded by a $1.75 million grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the initiative will begin immediately with five investigations into distinct areas of SFMOMA's collection — from the exceptionally deep holdings of work by Ellsworth Kelly to continually changing media installations by artists such as Julia Scher — and share new findings about these artworks with both scholars and the public.
The initiative will also activate state-of-the-art conservation studios in SFMOMA's 235,000-square-foot expansion when it reopens early 2016. Until then, the project will make increased use of the museum's new off-site collections research facility, already in operation.
"As we envision the museum's future, we are designing spaces and programs for an expanded institution that will bring artists' perspectives to bear on every aspect of who we are and how we serve our audiences," said SFMOMA director Neal Benezra. "We are grateful for this critical support from the Mellon Foundation, which will provide the public with a new window on our collection and ensure broad and meaningful impact on the wider field."
The Artist Initiative will be led by Jill Sterrett, director of collections and conservation at SFMOMA, and will build on SFMOMA's long-standing commitment to working closely with living artists to shape its programming and collecting activities. Projects will be structured around intensive engagements with artists represented in the collection (see below), and will serve all curatorial departments — photography, painting and sculpture, media arts, and architecture and design.
"Traditionally thought of as a solitary pursuit in backrooms of museums, art conservation is rapidly emerging as a collaborative and relationship-based practice in the museum of the 21st century," said Sterrett. "As art making has grown from an individual endeavor to comprise more collaborative or shared experiences, so too has conservation, engaging many disciplines within the museum. An ever-growing array of unorthodox artist materials — ranging from food to the internet — adds to the demand for a corollary shift in thinking from museums."
As a direct response to the dynamic and changing nature of contemporary art, The Artist Initiative will:
"Artists have historically had foundational relationships with art museums, but that mutually beneficial involvement waned in the course of the 20th century," said Mariët Westermann, Vice President of The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. "The Artist Initiative recognizes that artists have vital stakes in the display and conservation of their works, and we hope that it will restore the flow of ideas from the studio into the museum and back again."
Research and artist interviews will initially unfold at SFMOMA's off-site Collections Center, a new 75,000 square-foot storage and research facility that houses most of the collection in one place for the first time in the museum's 75-year history, making artworks more accessible to SFMOMA staff, artists, and scholars. To enhance this opportunity for study, the Collections Center also includes a 1,300 square-foot mock-up gallery that functions as a working model of the future museum's galleries and a venue for viewing works, prototyping presentation formats, and hosting classes and seminars in the presence of installed works of art. When the new museum opens in 2016, The Artist Initiative will also utilize the expanded Elise S. Haas Conservation Studio on the museum's new seventh and eighth floors, which, nearly double in size, will offer enhanced features to welcome and support artist collaboration.
The Artist Initiative will begin by delving deeply into five areas of SFMOMA's collection that were selected based on specific strengths and depth of holdings, as well as a confluence of need around preservation and preparation for future projects.
Drawing on SFMOMA's exceptionally deep holdings of American photographs dating from the 1970s (some 4,500 works among the museum's wider collection of more than 16,000 photographs), this research project will explore the process and material of photographers working at a time not only of great political and social upheaval, but when photography changed altogether with the advent of commercially available color film. In addition to the proliferation of color, the introduction of resin-coated papers and other experimental techniques from this era present complicated questions of longevity for museums collecting photography. The Artist Initiative will engage a range of artists, photography scientists, and leading scholars to explore and record their viewpoints in order to help museums tell the story of 1970s American photography in its full depth and diversity.
The deep representation of paintings, sculpture, and works on paper by Ellsworth Kelly in SFMOMA's collection spans more than five decades of the artist's career, allowing the museum to present the breadth and richness of his work on a scale unparalleled worldwide. As SFMOMA prepares to display Kelly's work with the museum's 2016 reopening, The Artist Initiative will further an already well-established relationship with Kelly and his studio through sustained study of his technique and his use of color, his perspective on the aging of his works' surfaces, and his highly individual approach to gallery installation. A key goal is to develop a long-term strategy for treatment of this signature collection at SFMOMA that both addresses Kelly's point of view and yields untold stories that will help audiences connect with his art in the museum's galleries and online.
Known for a remarkably subtle body of work that includes depictions of natural phenomena such as sand patterns, ocean waves, and starry skies, Vija Celmins painstakingly translates photorealistic detail into her work, often laboring over a piece for months. This project will allow a cross-disciplinary team at the museum to study Celmins's methodology in all her mediums — painting, drawing, print-making, sculpture — and also to explore her practice as representative of that of artists for whom the meticulous process of making and dedication to material are essential to an understanding of their art. Through The Artist Initiative, SFMOMA will document Celmins's studio practice in order to craft an interpretation of her work that begins at the artist's hand. The project also aims to advance critical discourse around her work and forge new and better ways to illuminate an artist's process for viewers.
A surveillance-based installation, Julia Scher's Predictive Engineering (1993-98) responds to the museum's architecture and depends on visitor movement in real time. It was conceived for SFMOMA's original Van Ness building in 1993, then adapted by the artist for the museum's Mario Botta-designed building in 1998 to include new web components and a "time-capsule" element of the previous version. In many ways, the work exemplifies the challenges specific to time-based artworks that either materially change over time due to advancing technology or otherwise ask museums to interpret a given set of instructions with each installation. Through The Artist Initiative, Scher will restage Predictive Engineering for both the expanded building and the technology landscape of 2016. Along the way, SFMOMA will map an instructive history of changes in the work since the 1990s and develop new web-based documentation models for complex, evolving artworks that will benefit the entire media art collection.
SFMOMA's Department of Architecture and Design has been tracking the evolution of consumer electronic design since 1988, with a third of its holdings in this area originating from the region's innovative tech sector. As design practice shifts focus away from the object and toward the experience — e.g., live maps, and other "quantified self/life" products — a number of new concerns have emerged for museums collecting high-tech design, including the hardware/software divide, rapid evolution of media, and limitations of traditional exhibition formats. This engagement will investigate how best to collect and present 20th- and 21st-century consumer electronics through dialogue with design luminaries in the Bay Area community. Given SFMOMA's proximity to Silicon Valley and historic commitment to collecting Bay Area design, the museum is uniquely positioned to lead the field in developing thoughtful modes of collecting that are as innovative as the designers themselves.
Walter and Elise Haas provided founding support to establish SFMOMA's Elise S. Haas Conservation Studio in the 1970s, and the museum has been at the forefront of addressing the growing shift in contemporary conservation strategies since then, most notably in four areas:
The Artist Initiative builds on this foundational history, while formally uniting these and other new museum strategies under one cross-departmental umbrella.
SFMOMA holds one of the world's foremost collections of the art of our time, and the leading collection of modern and contemporary art on the West Coast. In February 2009 the museum launched a multiyear campaign to further strengthen the collection, which has more than doubled in size to nearly 30,000 works since SFMOMA moved to its current home in 1995. The addition of the Doris and Donald Fisher Collection at SFMOMA, one of the greatest private collections of contemporary art in the world, will add important depth and unparalleled concentrations of work by single artists, making it an even greater public resource. In February 2011 the museum announced that it had received 195 promised gifts of art from nine leading Bay Area collectors as part of a wider Collections Campaign, and this work continues. These initial promised gifts to the campaign encompass major works by artists including Diane Arbus, Francis Bacon, Eva Hesse, Jasper Johns, Ellsworth Kelly, Bruce Nauman, Jackson Pollock, Robert Rauschenberg, Gerhard Richter, Ed Ruscha, Cindy Sherman, and David Smith, to name a few. In November 2012 SFMOMA announced pledged gifts to the campaign of 473 photographs, deepening the museum's renowned holdings in 20th-century American and Japanese photography.
Since SFMOMA's founding in 1935, the museum has drawn nearly 23 million visitors, 50 percent of them since moving to its current location on Third Street in 1995. Over the past 17 years, San Francisco's South of Market neighborhood has grown up around the museum: new hotels, retail, restaurants, and residential properties were built and continue to thrive, all contributing to the tax base and economic vitality of the city. In 2016, SFMOMA's new home will again transform the neighborhood as a major tourist attraction and as an employer: upon completion of the expansion, SFMOMA anticipates an over 20 percent increase in employees as well as 20 percent growth in its audiences, which averaged 650,000 annually in the years leading up to the museum's temporary building closure for construction. The expansion will create more than 1,400 new jobs in construction and related areas, and SFMOMA will be an even greater economic stimulant when it expands its operations and purchases of goods and services from Bay Area businesses.
To date, SFMOMA has raised more than $558 million toward its capital campaign, or 92 percent of its $610 million goal — a total that includes funds for both construction and endowment.
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The first West Coast museum devoted to modern and contemporary art, SFMOMA is currently undergoing a major expansion project to open in 2016 that will significantly enhance gallery, education, and public spaces, enabling the museum to better showcase more of its expanded permanent collection. While the museum is temporarily closed for construction, from June 3, 2013 to early 2016, SFMOMA will be "on the go" with an extensive array of off-site programming across the Bay Area, including collaborative and traveling museum exhibitions, major outdoor projects and commissioned installations, and new education initiatives.