Robert Colescott
End of the Trail, 1976

With an attitude that is both satirical and brash, Colescott uses punchy colors and loose brushwork to parody a famous early-twentieth-century sculpture by James Fraser, which shows a defeated Native American warrior on an exhausted horse. Here, the slouching Native American subject has been transformed into a grinning, dark-skinned figure wearing a pair of white briefs and torn sneakers. A cloudy sky of unnatural colors makes up the shallow background.

Colescott’s painting is dry, brushy, gaudy in color, and a little crude. During the 1970s, he used humor and irony to address American social issues by replacing selected individuals in historical works of art with black figures. These paintings were unapologetic in their bold manipulation of historical settings and skin color, and they raised important questions about the absence of African Americans in art history.

Artwork Info

Artwork title
End of the Trail
Artist name
Robert Colescott
Date created
acrylic paint on canvas
74 3/4 in. x 96 1/4 in. (189.87 cm x 244.48 cm)
Date Acquired
Collection SFMOMA
Purchase with the aid of funds from the National Endowment for the Arts, the 1975 Soap Box Derby Fund, and the New Future Fund Drive
© Estate of Robert Colescott / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Permanent URL
Artwork Status
Not on view at this time.

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