German, born Switzerland
1879, Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland
1940, Muralto, Switzerland
Among the most versatile and wide-ranging of modern artists, Paul Klee experimented in nearly every major avant-garde style, yet maintained his distinctive artistic personality throughout.
A German citizen by birth, Klee moved to Munich in 1906 to pursue his studies. His mature paintings, drawings, and prints push the boundary between abstraction and figuration. Often these works are populated by whimsical figures who are nonetheless the venue for sophisticated investigations into line, color, and shape.
Klee taught for many years at the Bauhaus, the famed academy in Weimar dedicated to the fine and applied arts. When the Nazi party came to power in 1933, Klee fled to Switzerland; he was later denounced as a "degenerate artist." He remained in Switzerland, in progressively failing health, until his death.