description of Untitled (Elemental Sculpture) [steel flange and stone] by Robert Rauschenberg

This found object sculpture features a rock, a metal ring, a rusty steel strap, and a large iron bolt. The brown-gray rock, which is about the size of a large grapefruit, sits on a pedestal, encircled by the rusty, industrial ring. A simple hinge connects the ring to the length of rusty steel strapping, which twists along the floor and then bends ninety degrees and rises straight into the air, to a height of about one foot. Another simple hinge at the raised end of the strap connects the rusty-brown steel to a large, iron bolt. The bolt is long and corroded, but its threaded tip comes to a sharp point. The twisted steel strap and downward pointing bolt resemble a rising snake preparing to strike.

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled (Elemental Sculpture) [steel flange and stone], ca. 1953
Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled (Elemental Sculpture) [steel flange and stone], ca. 1953; hinged steel flange, stone, steel strap, and iron bolt, 13 5/8 in. x 18 1/4 in. x 9 1/8 in. (34.61 cm x 46.36 cm x 23.18 cm); Collection SFMOMA, Purchase through a gift of Phyllis C. Wattis; © Robert Rauschenberg Foundation

Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled (Elemental Sculpture) [steel flange and stone], ca. 1953

Overview

In September 1953, a selection of Robert Rauschenberg’s recently produced Elemental Sculptures debuted at Stable Gallery, New York. This series of small assemblages combined stone, wood, rusted metal, and other objects the artist had scavenged from construction sites around his Fulton Street studio. Originally numbering nineteen (of which only nine still exist), this group of mostly untitled artworks shared a drab brown-gray aesthetic defined by rust, dirt, grime, and age, and suggested a kind of archaeological appreciation of mid-century Manhattan. Vaguely reminiscent of improvised tools or handmade toys, the Elemental Sculptures emerged as the young artist was transitioning from a practice defined largely by painting and photography to a more experimental mode that would culminate in his Combines, an expansive body of works produced primarily in the mid- and late 1950s that bridged the gaps between painting, sculpture, and collage. 

A crucial step in Rauschenberg’s artistic development, the Elemental Sculptures amounted to small-scale experiments in the combination of disparate forms and materials. In these works we see the artist considering qualities such as mass, volume, scale, and balance through a variety of means. For some sculptures he used frayed rope or twine to tether dense stones to roughly hewn fragments of wood, or placed stones atop (or inside of) weathered wooden boxes. In another, he adorned a fractured piece of concrete with a chunk of brick suspended from a twisted metal rod, capitalizing on both the geometric features of these materials and their shared association with construction. Significantly, Rauschenberg initially intended the audience to engage with the movable elements of these pieces: visitors to Stable Gallery were encouraged to rearrange the small sculptures to more fully comprehend their materiality, weight, proportions, and structure.

Consisting of a rusted steel strap anchored by a circular stone and tipped by an iron bolt, Untitled (Elemental Sculpture) [steel flange and stone] (ca. 1953) provides a vivid example of such an invitation. Because the steel strap and flange are hinged and therefore fully flexible, the piece may be displayed in a number of different configurations, each stressing a different sense of gravity or vaguely implied purpose. In some orientations the sculpture resembles an ancient sling loaded for launching, while in others the strap and bolt seem to defy the stone’s otherwise overwhelming gravitational force, recalling the arc of a snake preparing to strike.

Artwork Info

Artwork title
Untitled (Elemental Sculpture) [steel flange and stone]
Artist name
Robert Rauschenberg
Date created
ca. 1953
Classification
sculpture
Medium
hinged steel flange, stone, steel strap, and iron bolt
Dimensions
13 5/8 in. x 18 1/4 in. x 9 1/8 in. (34.61 cm x 46.36 cm x 23.18 cm)
Date acquired
1998
Credit
Collection SFMOMA
Purchase through a gift of Phyllis C. Wattis
Copyright
© Robert Rauschenberg Foundation
Permanent URL
https://www.sfmoma.org/artwork/98.305
Artwork status
On view on floor 4 as part of Robert Rauschenberg: Erasing the Rules

Essay

Untitled (Elemental Sculpture) [steel flange and stone]

By Sarah Roberts, July 2013
Part of the Rauschenberg Research Project

A hinged flange grips an ordinary round stone; from its clasp, a ribbon of rusted steel arcs upward, culminating with a loosely attached, crusty iron bolt. The components of Untitled (Elemental Sculpture) [steel flange and stone] (ca. 1953), like those of many of the works in Robert Rauschenberg’s series Elemental Sculptures, suggest on first glance that the piece might once have had a useful function.

Research Materials

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